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Spotted on the web: neuroscience tools, cerebellar activators, private equity | Spectrum

Research overview

  • Children born before 24 weeks gestation who have visual impairment appear to be more likely to have autism than those without visual impairment. BMJ open
  • Women who take prenatal vitamins early in pregnancy have lower DNA methylation levels in umbilical cord blood and placental tissue at delivery. Spectrum has reported on the links between DNA methylation and autism. Epigenetics & Chromatin
  • The Neuropixels probe can record from dozens of individual neurons in humans, enabling population-level analysis of neuronal activity. Spectrum covered a small study on the use of the probe in people earlier this year. Neuron
  • People with disabilities are more likely to have had COVID-19 if they have low income or have severe or multiple disabilities, an analysis in South Korea has found. International Journal of Health Policy and Management
  • A new resource lists non-coding DNA sequences that control gene expression – called enhancers – that are active in the cerebellum at key times of embryonic and postnatal brain development in mice. eLife
  • Brain imaging studies need to incorporate data on different neurodevelopmental conditions to shed light on how copy number variants converge on clinical outcomes, says a multidisciplinary team of researchers. Biological psychiatry
  • According to a systematic review, clinical trials of transcranial direct current stimulation for autism, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and dyslexia tend to have low quality evidence. Brain and behavior
  • Researchers have developed a new generation of miniscopes – devices that allow scientists to peek into neural activity in behaving animals – that produce images at higher resolution than previous versions. Interesting engineering
  • The female mice have a less variable body temperature and more consistent activity levels than male mice, overturning old prejudices against using female animals in experiments. Biology of sex differences
  • According to a survey, autistic self-advocates say they need technological solutions for emotional regulation, such as wearable devices, to help them be more independent, not to help them mask their traits. The conversation

science and society

  • A review of the literature highlights factors that can interfere with the reproducibility of research results, especially in basic studies in neuroscience. in Euro
  • According to an investigation, ClinicalTrials.gov, a US-based registry, is rife with misreporting, undermining transparency and accountability goals. The scientist
  • A range of Australian businesses and programs, such as the I CAN Network, work to promote the strengths of people with autism in the workplace. The Sydney Morning Herald
  • A new law in Massachusetts requires public colleges and universities in the state to open their courses, with accommodations, to students with autism or other disabilities who do not have a high school diploma. The Boston Globe
  • Private equity firms are investing in autism care centers, putting the quality of care at risk, some therapists say. Fortune
  • New York lawmaker Yuh-Line Niou is in a tight race for a seat in the House of Representatives, which would make her the first openly autistic member of Congress. The 19

Cite this article: https://doi.org/10.53053/DSNZ4103