Differences between Python and Java


Analytics Insight Explains the Differences Between Python and Java for Machine Learning

Machine learning, data science, deep learning, and many other major and emerging disruptive technologies need one or two programming languages ​​to create products and services for the global tech market. Companies and start-ups have started recruiting employees with technical training and sufficient knowledge of anyone or two programming languages ​​such as Python, Java, R, C ++, etc. for efficient coding. Strong coding skills are essential to keep up with advanced technologies. Aspiring machine learning engineers, machine learning architects, data scientists, etc. are very interested in learning Python and Java, as these two are the most in demand in this field. This article is a machine learning guide for beginners to explain the differences between Python and Java for a better understanding.


Python is a high-level programming language and one of the best in recent times for efficient coding. It is also known for its object oriented and structured programming which is fully supported on any server to build web applications. Developers can build robust applications using Python because of its English-style syntax. This feature helps them to read and understand the code easily, without much hassle. Many employees have no technical background and are only beginners, but need to learn Python for a professional career. Python is very easy to pick up and learn in a short time. It takes fewer lines of code to run than C ++ or Java.

Python is popular in the community because of its productive nature, as it helps developers focus more on solving complex real-life problems and less on coding language syntax. It directly executes the code line by line and detects potential errors before the final execution. The interpreted language automatically assigns certain types of data in real time at runtime. The most important feature of Python is that it is free and anyone can download the source code, modify, and distribute their own version of Python without any prior training.

There is also a huge range of machine learning libraries for Python where developers can find multiple functions for different tasks without depending on an external library.


Java is also a high-level, cross-platform, network-centric, object-oriented programming language to have some implementation dependencies on the part of developers. It is used for internet based applications as a simple and efficient coding language. Java is also an extremely portable language and interpreted like Python. The same applications will run identically on different hardware and operating systems without any hindrance. The source code is first compiled into binary byte code that runs on the Java Virtual Machine.

Java is known as a dynamic programming language which is also easy to learn for beginners and can be written, compiled, debugged, and learned faster. Developers can create modular programs and reusable code.

Differences between Python and Java

Recently, there is a bridge between using Python and Java due to higher demand for Python in the tech-driven world.

  • Python is known for its potential for experimentation, while Java is popular for production code.
  • In the case of code, Python has fewer lines of code while Java has longer lines of code.
  • Python consists of fewer frameworks, while Java shows a large number of frameworks for developers
  • For beginners, Python’s syntax is easy to remember without any potential errors due to its similarities to human language while Java’s syntax is very complicated to understand and has a chance to make mistakes in the lines.
  • Python is known as the only interpreted coding language, while Java is a combination of a compiled and interpreted coding language.
  • Python uses indentation to distinguish code in different blocks while Java uses second brackets to mention the start and end of each function and class.
  • Python provides more string-related functions to developers than Java
  • Python is more preferred for scientific and numerical computations, machine learning, AI, data science, and many more, but Java is used for desktop GUI applications, especially desktop services. web applications.

That being said, it has been observed that the demand for Python is booming in the global technology market and that savvy developers prefer to use this programming language over others. Python has a bright future while creating demand in several companies and start-ups. But, learning both Python and Java after discovering the differences is essential for a successful career path in a tech-driven future.

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